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Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

September 5, 2017 | Grammar

Bentuk present perfect tense sangat menarik untuk dibahas. Tense ini bisa menjadi tantangan tersendiri bagi orang-orang yang belajar bahasa Inggris. Kebanyakan peserta didik merasa ini adalah salah satu tenses yang paling sulit untuk digunakan dengan benar. Sebenarnya, struktur present perfect tense sangat sederhana. Masalahnya datang dengan penggunaanya. CoBI harap pembahasan di bawah ini bisa membantu.

Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Dalam Sebuah Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

The present perfect tense dibentuk dengan menambahkan has atau have di depan verb bentuk ke 3.

Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

Berikut aturan umumnya:

1. Affirmative (Positive)

Subject Auxiliary Verb Object/Complement
I, We, You, They have Verb 3 Object/Keterangan
He, She, It has Verb 3 Object/Keterangan

2. Negative

Subject Auxiliary +Not Verb Object/Complement
I, We, You, They have + not Verb 3 Object/Keterangan
He, She, It has + not Verb 3 Object/Keterangan

3. Yes/No Question

Auxiliary Subject Verb Object/Complement+?
Have I, We, You, They Verb 3 Object/Keterangan+?
Has He, She, It Verb 3 Object/Keterangan+?

4. Information Question?

Question Auxiliary Subject Verb Object/Complement+?
Question words have I, We, You, They Verb 3 Object/Complement+?
Question words has He, She, It Verb 3 Object/Complement+?

Catatan :

Verb – Bentuk ke 3
Auxiliary verb – Have and Has
I, We, You, They menggunakan Have
He, She, It menggunakan Has

Berikut adalah penjelasan lebih jauh tentang rumus dan contoh kalimat present perfect tense.

1. Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Dalam Kalimat Affirmative (Positive)

Subject Auxiliary Past Participle Rest of the sentence
I have had Lunch already.
You have write the letter.
We have sent a request.
He has finished his homework.
She has seen her new car.
It has stopped working.
They have rejected me.

2. Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Dalam Kalimat Negative

Subject Auxiliary + Not Past Participle Rest of the sentence
I have not had lunchalready.
You have not write the letter.
We have not sent a request.
He has not finished his homework.
She has not seen her new car.
It has not stopped working.
They have not rejected me.

3. Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Future Tense Dalam Kalimat Interogatif Tipe Yes/No  Question

Auxiliary Subject Past Participle Rest of the sentence?
Have I had lunch?
Have you written the letter?
Have we sent a request?
Has he finished his homework?
Has She seen her new car?
Has it stopped working?
Have they rejected me?

4. Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Dalam Kalimat Interogatif Tipe Information Questions

Question Auxiliary Subject Past Participle
Rest of the sentence?
Where have I had lunch?
When have you write the letter?
Why have we sent a request?
How has he finished his homework?
What has she seen ?
How long has it stopped working?
Why have they rejected me?
Where does she live ?

Kapan sebaiknya kita menggunakan rumus simple Future tense?

  1. Waktu sebelum sekarang yang tidak pasti

Bentuk present perfect tense menghubungkan masa kini dengan masa lalu. Present perfect tense ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan tindakan yang terjadi pada waktu yang tidak ditentukan atau yang dimulai di masa lalu dan berlanjut di masa sekarang. Kapan waktu pasti tidak penting.

Catatan: Kita tidak dapat menggunakan Present Perfect dengan ekspresi waktu yang jelas, hanya dapat digunakan dengan ekspresi yang tidak spesifik. untuk waktu yang jelas atau spesific, digunakan simple past tense.

Specific time expressions ( Keterangan Waktu spesifik) : yesterday, one year ago, last week, etc.

Unspecific time expressions (Keterangan Waktu tidak spesifik ) : ever, never, already, yet, just, once, many times, several times, before, so far, etc.

Contoh kalimat :

  • have seen that movie.
  • have met her once before.
  • We have lived in London.
  • He has never been abroad.
  • I have never eat sushi.
  • have been to japan.
  • She has lived in bali.
  • They have visited The Disneyland three times.
  • We have never seen that film.

2. Kita menggunakan present perfect tense untuk berbicara tentang sebuah tindakan yang dimulai di masa lalu dan berlanjut sampai sekarang.

  • He has worked as a teacher for over 25 years.
  • She has achieved a lot in his life.
  • How long have you been at this room?
  • I have been a cat lover since kid.
Memahami Rumus Present Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

Demikian ulasan kali ini dari contohbahasainggris.com. Sekian, baca juga 5 Fabel Bahasa Inggris Pendek CoBI. Semoga bahasan rumus present perfect tense di atas bermanfaat.

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