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Memahami Rumus Past Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

September 16, 2017 | Grammar

The past perfect tense digunakan saat dua tindakan terjadi di masa lalu. Kita menggunakan The past perfect tense untuk tindakan yang terjadi terlebih dahulu dan bentuk simple past tense untuk tindakan yang akan terjadi selanjutnya.

Untuk membuat teman lebih jelas lihat contoh berikut:

Example 1:

  • The bus left at 10.30 pm. (First action)
  • We arrived at 10.40 pm. (Second action)
  • When we arrived, the bus had left.— ketika kami tiba, busnya sudah berangkat

Example 2:

  • The classes started. (First action)
  • we arrived at school. (Second action)
  • Before we arrived at school the classes had started. —- Sebelum kami sampai di sekolah, kelasnya sudah dimulai

Memahami Rumus Past Perfect Tense Dalam Sebuah Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

Memahami Rumus Past Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

Kalau teman perhatikan yang menjadi ciri dari past perfect tense adalah verbnya yang memiliki rumus Had +V3.

Mirip dengan present perfect tenseHad merupakan bentuk past dari have/has.

Mari kita lihat struktur past perfect tense.

1. Affirmative (Positive)

Subject Auxiliary Verb Object/Complement
I, We, You, They, He, She, It had Past Participle Object/Keterangan

2. Negative

Subject Auxiliary +Not Verb Object/Complement
I, We, You, They, He, She, It had + not Past Participle Object/Keterangan

3. Yes/No type Question

Auxiliary Subject Verb Object/Complement+?
Had I, We, You, They, He, She, It Past Participle Object/Keterangan+?

4. Information Question?

Question Auxiliary Subject Verb Object/Complement+?
QW had I, We, You, They, He, She, It Past Participle Object/Keterangan+?

Important Note:

Verb – Bentuk Ke 3

Auxiliary verb – Had

I, We, You, They, He, She, It – Had

Berikut adalah penjelasan lebih jauh tentang rumus dan contoh kalimat pastperfect tense.

1. Memahami Rumus Past Perfect Tense Dalam Kalimat Affirmative (Positive)

Subject Auxiliary
Verb Bentuk 3 
Object/Complement
I had finished my homework.
You had studied hard.
We had sent a request.
He had gone to Bandung.
She had written the letter.
It had stopped working.
They had rejected me.

2. Negative Sentences

Subject Auxiliary + Not Verb Bentuk 3  Object/Complement
I had not finished my homework.
You had not studied hard.
We had not sent a request.
He had not gone to Bandung.
She had not written the letter.
It had not stopped working.
They had not rejected me.

3. Yes/No type Question

Auxiliary Subject
Verb Bentuk 3 
Object/Complement+?
Had I finished my homework?
Had you studied hard?
Had we sent a request?
Had he gone to Bandung?
Had she written the letter?
Had it stopped working?
Had they rejected me?

4. Information Questions

Question Word Auxiliary Subject
Verb Bentuk 3 
Object/Complement+?
When had I finished my work?
How had you studied ?
When had we sent a request?
Why had he gone to Bandung?
What had she written ?
How long had it stopped working?
Why had they rejected me?
Where had Andi lived before?

Kapan sebaiknya kita menggunakan rumus past perfect tense?

1. Sebuah tindakan selesai sebelum tindakan kedua di masa lalu.

  • When we arrived, the film had started.
  • When I came, she had had her breakfast.

2. Sesuatu yang dimulai di masa lalu dan berlanjut ke tindakan atau waktu lain di masa lalu.

  • When he graduated, he had been in London for six years.
  • Last month, I had worked here for three months.

3. Untuk membicarakan hal-hal yang tidak nyata atau imajiner di masa lalu. Disebut juga contitional bentuk ke 3.

  • If I had known you were ill, I would have visited you.
  • She would have passed the exam if she had studied harder.
  • I wish I hadn’t gone to bed so late!
Memahami Rumus Past Perfect Tense Bersama CoBI

Demikian ulasan kali ini dari contohbahasainggris.com. Sekian, baca juga 3 Pidato Bahasa Inggris Tentang Pendidikan. Semoga bahasan rumus past perfect tense di atas bermanfaat.

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