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Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Bersama CoBI

September 4, 2017 | Grammar

The past continuous tense dalam bahasa Inggris sering digunakan, terutama saat bercerita. Kita menggunakan past continuous tense untuk menggambarkan tindakan masa lalu selama periode waktu tertentu.

Past continuous tense paling sering digunakan ketika dua tindakan terjadi di masa lalu pada saat bersamaan, ketika satu tindakan mengganggu atau menginterupsi tindakan yang satunya. Atau satu tindakan lebih lama dari yang lain. Dalam situasi ini, bentuk simple past tense digunakan untuk tindakan yang lebih pendek dan past continuous tense digunakan untuk tindakan yang lebih lama.

Contohnya: He was talking on the phone when I arrived.

Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense, Bagaimana membuat kalimat Past Continuous tense?

Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Bersama CoBI

Kalimat past continuous tense terbentuk dengan pola verb + tobe (was/were)+ present participle (-ing). Mari kita lihat bagaimana membangun kalimat-kalimat past continuous tense secara umum.

1. Rumus Present Continuous Tense Kalimat Affirmative (Positive)

Subject “To Be” Verb+ ing Objek/ Keterangan
I, He, She, It was verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan
We, You, They were verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan

2. Rumus Present Continuous Tense Kalimat Negative

Subject “To Be”+Not Verb Objek / Keterangan
I, He, She, It was not verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan
We, You, They were not verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan

3. Rumus Present Continuous Tense Kalimat Tipe Yes/No Question

“To Be” Subject Verb Objek / Keterangan+?
Was I, he, she, it verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan+?
Were we, you, they verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan+?

4. Rumus Present Continuous Tense Kalimat Tipe Information Question?

QW “To Be” Subject Verb Objek / Keterangan+?
QW was I, he, she, it verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan+?
QW were we, you, they verb+ing Objek/ Keterangan+?

Catatan:

Verb – ditambah Present Participle (-ing)
Auxiliary VerbWas, Were
I , He, She, It – Was
We, You, They – Were

1. Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Dalam Kalimat Affirmative (Positive)

Subject “To Be” Verb (Present Participle) Objek / Keterangan
I was working at my office.
You were learning English at home.
We were reading a book
He was speaking on the phone.
She was writing a letter.
It was getting better.
They are playing soccer.

2. Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Dalam Kalimat Negative

Subject “To Be” Verb (Present Participle) Objek / Keterangan
I was not working at my office.
You were not learning English at home.
We were not reading a book
He was not speaking on the phone.
She was not writing a letter.
It was not getting better.
They were not playing soccer.

3. Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Dalam Kalimat Tanya Tipe Yes/No Question

Auxiliary Subject Verb (Present Participle) Objek / Keterangan+?
Was I working at my office?
Were you learning English at home?
Were we reading a book?
Was he speaking on the phone?
Was She writing a letter?
Was it getting better?
Were they playing soccer?

4. Memahami Rumus Past Continuous Tense Dalam Kalimat Tanya Tipe Information Questions

Question Auxiliary Subject Present Participle
Objek / Keterangan+?
When was I working at my office?
Where were you learning English?
What were we reading ?
What was he speaking on the phone?
What was she writing ?
Why was it getting better?
Where were they playing soccer?

Kapan kita harus menggunakan Present Continuous Tense?

Jadi, sekarang teman sudah  bisa membuat kalimat past continuous tense. Tapi bagaimana dengan penggunaan past continuous tense ini? Berikut adalah beberapa situasi saat teman harus menggunakan rumus past continuous tense:

1. The past continuous tense sering digunakan saat kejadian sedang berlangsung di masa lalu yang kemudian terganggu oleh tindakan lain. Biasanya menggunakan kata penghubung when atau while untuk menghubungkan kedua kalimat ini.

Past Continuous + When + Past Simple

  • I was writing when my friend came.
  • I was talking with my brother when you called me.
  • He was sleeping when I went to his home.
  • While I was sleeping last night, someone stole my bicycle.
  • I was walking to the station when I met John.
  • While he was working, the system did not work.

2. Kita juga menggunakan past continuous tense untuk membicarakan dua atau lebih aktivitas yang terjadi pada saat yang sama. Ini mengungkapkan gagasan bahwa kedua tindakan itu terjadi pada saat bersamaan. Kedua tindakan terhubung, bisa karena berada di satu tempat yang sama, atau karena hubungan lain.

  • Hari was singing while his daughter was dancing.
  • When Leo was watching TV, his wife was working in the kitchen.
  • I was sleeping, when my wife was coocking.
  • they were playing soccer at the park, while we were studying in the classroom.
  • The birds were singing, the sun was shining and in the cafés people were laughing and chatting.

3. Kita menggunakan present continuous tense untuk mengatakan bahwa kita sedang dalam proses melakukan sesuatu di masa lalu, misal belajar di sma yang butuh waktu 3 tahun.

  • I was working in the garden all day.
  • He was reading all evening.
  • I was studying at SMA Satu Nusa For three years.

Belajar Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Demikian ulasan kali ini dari contohbahasainggris.com. Sekian, semoga bahasan rumus past continuous tense, di atas bermanfaat.

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